Anne E. Robinson is General Counsel of The Vanguard Group, Inc., and Secretary of the Vanguard funds. She is Managing Director of the Oﬃce of the General Counsel, which includes Legal, Compliance, Investment Stewardship, and Government Relations. She joined Vanguard in 2016, bringing over 20 years of legal experience in the ﬁnancial services industry, where she has counseled senior executives on a wide range of legal, regulatory, and business issues.
Prior to joining Vanguard, Robinson was a Managing Director and General Counsel in the Citigroup global legal department. Before that, she was a Managing Counsel at American Express; during more than 10 years at that company, she served in a wide range of senior legal positions.
Prior to joining American Express, she was division counsel to Deloitte Consulting’s venture capital ﬁ rm and its global outsourcing organization. She started her legal career in private practice with the law ﬁ rm of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley and McCloy.
Robinson earned a B.S. from Hampton University and a J.D. from Columbia University Law School.